He is a senior researcher and currently based in Singapore as a research fellow at Yusof Ishak Institute. He is also a Former Deputy Chief oF Staff to the President of Indonesia and honorary research fellow at the University of Manchester, United Kingdom. His research interests include technological innovation and social change; adoption and diffusion of innovations in the third sector (non-governmental and not for profit organisations); innovation and sustainable development; new communication media and social change; and knowledge dynamics. He works with both quantitative and qualitative approaches including Foresight. He is well experienced in designing, deploying and analysing large scale off- and on-line surveys and research.